At IVF Turkey, we are very aware of the importance of the malefactor and the support they need during the fertility journey. We do come across azoospermia medical condition. Before we jump into the treatment choices regarding Azoospermia condition, let’s look at what Azoospermia means.
What is Azoospermia Condition?
We can describe Azoospermia as a condition when there is no sperm in the ejaculate. You may already come across the medical term low sperm count when the semen analysis results show low sperm counts; however, Azoospermia is described as no sperm count. The studies indicate that the azoospermia condition is an uncommon but difficult one when it comes to male infertility. Therefore, it is important to analyze the potential reasons very carefully and also the types of Azoospermia.
Types of Azoospermia
- Pre-testicular Azoospermia (non-obstructive) is caused by hormones that are
responsible for creating sperm that do not function properly.
- Testicular Azoospermia (non-obstructive) is caused by abnormalities in the
function or structure of the testes.
- Post-testicular Azoospermia (obstructive) is caused by primarily a blockage or
What are the symptoms of Azoospermia?
Not having sperm in the semen can be described as one of the main symptoms. However, you may not know that you have azoospermia condition until you have been trying to conceive for a long time. Azoospermia may not have any specific symptoms, but here are some possible signs that are mentioned mainly by various resources:
- You can have a low sex drive
- You may have a genetic condition
- You may go through medical treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation, etc.
- Anatomical abnormalities such as varicoceles
- Difficulty with erections
- Sometimes enlarged breasts, muscle loss and decreased hair on the face or body can also be signs of Azoospermia.
- You may have discomfort around the testicles.
You may still have Azoospermia and not having any symptoms above.
How to diagnose Azoospermia?
At IVF Turkey, first of all, we perform a semen analysis to find out if your sperm count is zero; following the first semen analysis, we would like to repeat this test a few months later. After two tests, if the results indicate that there is no sperm, then we can confirm this health condition as Azoospermia. We are very aware that providing a semen sample can be uncomfortable for most men. With this in mind, we do collaborate with very professional clinics and laboratory in London and also in Birmingham; if you would like to find out about having your semen analysis in of these clinics, here is Doctors Laboratory in London
and Cherish-UK in London. If you come to Istanbul for the whole treatment, we would like to reassure you that all our team members at IVF Turkey will ensure that this process will not add any additional stress to your treatment.
Following these tests, the IVF Turkey team will identify the causes of the problem to create a tailored treatment plan for you. Our IVF experts may require further steps:
- Having a detailed medical history,
- Physical exams of the testicles,
- Karyotype testing,
- Transrectal Ultrasound,
- Blood tests.
What are the medical treatment options for Azoospermia?
The best technique to solve this problem is micro testicular sperm extraction (micro TESE). The operation is done by the urologist and embryologist at the same time. The sperm is produced in the testicles. The urologist analyses the layers of the testicles to find sperm under local anaesthesia. The experience of the urologist and the embryologist and their work harmony is very important to retrieve the sperm microsurgically. IVF Turkey is an advanced centre for this procedure, IVF Turkey experts did hundreds of micro TESE procedures, and success rates are at %60. Therefore, we advise men to try this technique before leading to other methods for
child wish. In addition to the medical process of Azoospermia, we do also support our patients who are diagnosed with Azoospermia; please do not let this term make you emotionally too overwhelmed; we are also here to support your emotional journey as well. There are patients with this health condition yet succeeded to pursue their wish
to have a child. Please do not hesitate to contact our team as you do not need to go through this journey alone.