Egg Retrieval Procedure

Egg Retrieval Procedure

The Egg Retrieval procedure is a significant step in vitro fertilization (IVF). As with any significant action, there may be a flurry of inquiries regarding the steps involved and what is required to produce the greatest outcomes. Egg retrieval is a surgical procedure. The procedure involves collecting eggs from a woman’s ovaries so that they can be fertilized in a laboratory with sperm or frozen for the future. Typically, egg retrieval is done under light sedation or general anesthesia.

You can get more information about egg retrieval in this short article:

Tests before egg retrieval

Before IVF treatment, your doctor needs to know your and your partner’s blood group and follicle-stimulating (FSH), LH, Prolactin, TSH, AMH, and Estradiol hormones level.

The other test is ovarian reserve testing, this test examines the quality and quantity of women’s eggs by ultrasound scan.

For male patients blood tests and semen analysis are required.

Medications are required for egg retrieval

For female patients undergoing IVF cycles, fertility specialists frequently prescribe a range of fertility medicines.

These drugs are used to stimulate the ovaries by increasing FSH and LH levels, which helps in the production of multiple eggs. Women’s age and ovarian reserve are two important factors that can change the dosage needed for these medications. Typically, these hormones are taken for a period of 10 to 14 days. In certain cases, additional time may be needed for successful stimulation.

A vaginal ultrasound examination is performed one week after beginning these medications to assess the ovaries and determine the follicle count. A follicle is a fluid-filled sac that holds the egg. Each follicle normally carries one egg.

The effectiveness of the patient’s response to fertility medications can be assessed by counting the follicles and measuring their size, which indicates the maturity of the eggs. These follicles will develop over the course of the patient’s treatment (approximately 3 mm in 2 days), and at some point, they will be prepared for retrieval.

The patient will be advised to administer an HCG trigger shot 36 hours prior to egg retrieval once the doctor confirms the follicles are prepared for retrieval. It is important to take this medication at the designated time.

Egg Retrieval Procedure

Egg retrieval is a surgical procedure that is performed during in vitro fertilization (IVF). The procedure involves the removal of eggs from a woman’s ovaries so that they can be fertilized with sperm in a laboratory.

The egg retrieval procedure is usually performed 34-36 hours after the woman takes a trigger shot of HCG. This medication helps to ensure that the eggs are mature and ready to be retrieved.

The procedure is performed under general or light anesthesia, so the woman will not feel any pain during the procedure.

The eggs are aspirated (removed) using a suction device after a thin needle is inserted through the vagina and into the ovaries. The entire procedure takes about 10-30 minutes.

How long is the recovery period of egg retrieval?

The recovery period for egg retrieval is usually short. Most women are able to go back to their normal activities within a few days. However, it is important to listen to your body and take it easy during the recovery period.

After egg retrieval, the woman will be monitored for a few hours to make sure that she is recovering well. She may experience some mild cramping or bleeding, but this is usually nothing to be concerned about. Most women are able to go home on the same day as their egg retrieval.

What are the risks of egg retrieval?

If you are wondering about the safety of egg retrieval, you should be sure that it is a safe and simple procedure. However, there are some risks associated with the procedure, such as infection, bleeding, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). These risks are rare, but it is important to discuss them with your doctor before undergoing egg retrieval.

Here are some additional things to know about egg retrieval in IVF:

  • The procedure is usually performed 34-36 hours after the woman takes a trigger shot of HCG. This medication helps to ensure that the eggs are mature and ready to be retrieved.
  • The number of eggs that are retrieved during egg retrieval can vary from woman to woman. The average number of eggs retrieved is 10-12, but some women may retrieve more or fewer eggs.
  • The eggs that are retrieved are then fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized eggs, or embryos, are then cultured for several days before being transferred back to the woman’s uterus.


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Roberts, S. A., McGowan, L., Hirst, W. M., Brison, D. R., Vail, A., & Lieberman, B. A. (2010). Towards single embryo transfer? Modelling clinical outcomes of potential treatment choices using multiple data sources: predictive models and patient perspectives. Health technology assessment14(38), 1-237.

Ruolin Jia, Zhen Li, Yichun Guan, Wen Zhang, Kexin Wang & Zhuolin Yao (2023) Transabdominal and transvaginal egg retrieval guided by a vaginal ultrasound probe in an adenomyosis patient: a case report, Current Medical Research and Opinion, 39:5, 797-801, DOI: 10.1080/03007995.2023.2192609